The medical terminology for dry mouth is called xerostomia. This condition results when the salivary glands cannot secrete saliva, which keeps the mouth wet. The importance of saliva or the juices created in the mouth is crucial as it allows for neutralizing acids produced by the bacteria, limiting bacterial growth. Saliva also facilitates washing away food particles that get stuck to teeth or gums, preventing tooth decay. Moreover, saliva also plays a vital role in enhancing the taste of food one experiences. Along with making it easier to chew, swallow and even digest! We are all well aware of enzymes’ role in saliva, which aids digestion.

A decrease in saliva can vary in experience from being mildly uncomfortable to significantly impacting your general well-being, including oral health, where you might suffer from tooth and gum decay issues. This could also have an overall impact on your appetite and food consumption. 

Some of the common symptoms of a dry mouth are as follows:

1. Change in the sense of taste along with stickiness in the mouth.

2. Feeling of uneasiness or experiencing difficulty while speaking, swallowing, and chewing.

3. Sore throat that constantly feels dry accompanied by hoarseness and bad breath.

4. Forming saliva, which is characterized as stringy and thick. Along with a grooved tongue.

The above are some of the symptoms one can experience if enough saliva is not produced. 

It’s when the salivary glands in the mouth stop secreting juices, causing dryness in the mouth.

The reasons behind the glands not making enough saliva can be many. Here are some of the common causes:

1) Heavy medication for severe and prolonged illness. While serious diseases like cancer result in chemotherapy, radiation and other medicines can result in dry mouth. For instance, antihistamines, pain medication and muscle relaxants can contribute to this condition. Additionally, it is equally valid for this condition to occur due to over-the-counter medicines. Drugs commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure, depression and anxiety can also cause the salivary glands to stop secreting saliva resulting in dry mouth conditions.

2) Alcohol and tobacco use are also linked to this condition. Indeed, many are aware of the severe health damage caused by tobacco and the abuse of alcohol to our systems. One of the many ways it damages our health is by causing dry mouth. Studies have shown that tobacco users are more likely to have severely compromised salivary glands, similar to those who abuse alcohol regularly. 

3) Ageing – It’s no secret that our bodies start to work less efficiently as we age. The contributing factors like using medication constantly, long-term health problems and the inability to digest medicine as we age are all linked to causing a dry mouth. 

4) Damage or injury to the nerve in your head or neck can also cause dry mouth.


There are a host of reasons that can cause this condition. And treatment for this varies and depends on the causes of a dry mouth. Suppose you find yourself experiencing some of the symptoms or have been diagnosed with the same and are not sure about your medication options. It is beneficial to remember that a compounding pharmacy can help you with customized medication that can suit your needs and health issues. The tailor-made medication solutions can help you feel better and allow you to continue with the treatment. 

Looking for a pharmacy in the Edmonton area and in Sherwood Park, St. Albert, Leduc, Ardrossan, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, and Beaumont? Rite Choice is your best bet! We offer free home delivery for prescriptions, travel clinics, health care, and compounding services.