According to a study released in 2019, around one in four Canadians are affected by high blood pressure. This is further evident in the alarming rise of obesity caused by high cholesterol consumptions and a non-active lifestyle.

Even now, you might be living with a loved one who suffers from the unforgiving symptoms of hypertension. The lifestyle choices and diet routines they had during their younger years may have contributed to their current condition. And now that they are suffering the effects of these choices, they are now helped by only a few prescription drugs!

Without these medications, their condition would be unmitigated and risky. This is the reason why you, as one of those responsible for them at home, should familiarize yourself with these medicines. Not only are they valuable for managing the various symptoms of high blood pressure, but they also provide a certain level of comfort for your loved ones.

– Beta-Blockers

Also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, they are a type of drug that basically decreases your heart rate and lowers your blood pressure. Hypertension patients usually experience an increase in their adrenaline (hormone epinephrine ) as one of the many symptoms, and this drug would decrease that adrenaline.

Some common examples of beta-blockers include Carvedilol, Labetalol, and Metoprolol, among others.

– Calcium Channel Blockers

Also known as calcium channel antagonists or calcium antagonists, they disrupt the movement of calcium through your body’s calcium channels, resulting in the relaxation of your blood vessels and lowering your heart rate. Take note that there are two types of calcium channel blockers, and each variant works at only a specific duration. Short-acting variants work fast, but their effects would last only for a few hours. On the other hand, there are long-acting variants that are slow, yet, they have long-lasting effects.

Some examples of calcium channel blockers are Amlodipine, Diltiazem, and Felodipine.

– Thiazide Diuretics

Also known as “water pills,” this type of medication would cause the patient to go to the washroom regularly. This is due to its primary function of triggering and increasing the amount of body fluids that it exudes through urination.

This is not appropriate for high blood patients who are uncomfortable walking back and forth to the washroom every once in a while. There are three main types of diuretics, and they are oral thiazide diuretics, loop diuretics, and potassium-sparing diuretics.

– Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers

Also known as angiotensin II receptor antagonists, they are taken to relax the blood vessels. A few notable examples are Losartan, Telmisartan, and Valsartan.

– Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

Also known as ACE inhibitors, they function similarly to angiotensin II receptor blockers, with the main difference that they reduce all-cause mortality, something that the latter doesn’t. Some significant examples of ACE inhibitors are Quinapril, Ramipril, and Trandolapril.

Conclusion

These medications are crucial for the overall health and well-being of all high blood pressure patients. They are all tried and tested by the medical boards and are considered a key contributor in reducing the risks caused by hypertension. Not to be taken without any prescription, they can all be bought at your local pharmacy. Know more about them and work hand-in-hand with your loved one’s physicians to ensure their safety and good health.

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